Yonghe Zhang Chemical Research Areas

American Huilin Institute


Yonghe Zhang (born 27 October 1940) is an American scientist, philosopher and author. He is the most influential proponent of Ionocovalency (IC) theory: “Everything exists in Ionocovalency - the ionic energy harmonized with the covalent environment”.

Zhang’s IC theory includes many atomic parameters and bond models: effective principals, ionicity, linear covalency, spatial covalency, spectroscopic quantum model, electronegativity, Lewis acid strength, crosslink density, ionic potential and IC-model etc. He unified the old antagonistic qualitative relations of the ionic-versus-covalent dichotomy of bond nature and established a new quantitative ionocovalent continuum scale. The IC-Model (Full-Text) can quantitatively describe possibly all chemical phenomena and the dual observations of the ionic and the covalent of bond, correlated with chemical theorems and regulations and predicted chemical processes and products The IC theory has been widely used in the chemical industry and formed International Ionocovalency Schools.

Zhang derived Ionocovalency from the microscopic deduction of experiments and mathematics and correlated to the macroscopic induction of the universal observations, covering political, economic, and social. Based on ionocovalency he proposed the nature and the mechanism of the universe. He correlated ionocovalency with the universal principle of “people-oriented harmonious society (POHS)”, the hegemony of authoritarian politics and the world future prospects.

In 2007 he founded the “American Huilin Institute” websitehttp://www.amhuilin.com.) The IC research report that correlated with President Hu Jintao’s POSH was published by ChinaGOV.cn中央政府网站搜索[17] and that correlated with President Obama’s "Phoenix Project" was published by US Congress Org [15,16] .The valence state electronegativity encompassed into the university textbooks [18]. "Ionocovalency" is reprinted by China, U.K., U.S. government and major media [19-68].


Zhang Ionocovalency has formed the world's schools


1. Ionocovalency, IC-electronegativity, Lewis acid strengths

Lab de Chimie du Solide du CNRS, Portier J. et al. [69-71]

Universite´de Rouen, Lenglet M. [72,73]

Lab de Chimie du Solide du CNRS, Wen S. J. et al. [74-77]
Univerite de Bordeaux Marcel, C., Huuang, S. Y. et al. [78] 

Yangtzi University, Changzheng Wu, et al. [79]

Catalysis Division National chemical Lab, Pune, India, Mathew, T. et al. [80]


2. Ionocovalency, Lewis acid strengths

Sud University, Hadjtahar R. B. and Hadjtahar N. B. [81]

Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Zhenping Qu et al. [82]

McMaster University,, Brown I. D. [83,84] 

3. Ionocovalency, IC-electronegativity,

Catholic University of Korea, Mi-Hyae Park and Yu-Ju Shin [85]

 “Metal Oxides: chemistry and application s” , J. L.G. Fierro editor, [86]


4. IC-electronegativity, Crosslink density

FST-Errachidia My Ismaïl University, Lahcen Bih, et al. [87-92]


5. Ionocovalency

Moscow State Univ. A. S. Ilyushin and

Univ. of Sci. and Tech of China, L. Shi et al. [93]

Waikato University, M. B. Dinger and W. Henderson [94]

内蒙师大朱天蔚 [95]

台湾大学C.-K Kuei et al. [96]

State Universityof New Jersy, M. Greenblatt and B. Wang [97]

Institut de Chimie de la Matiere de Bordeaux, Villesuzanne A. et al. [98]


6. Polarizing Energy

National Center for Scientific Research, Havana, E. Reguera et al. and

Instituto de Fisica,A. Champi et al. [99-105]


7. IC-electronegativity, Effective nuclear charge

Dalian University of Technology, Li K.and Xue D. [106,07]

Chongqing Normal University, Yu. D. [108]


8. Effective principle quantum number

Xuzhou Normal University, Ch-J. Feng [109-112]


His Major Works

1.    Zhang, Y. J. Molecular Science, (Chinese) 1 (1981) 125.


2.    Zhang, Y. Inorg Chem. 21 (1982) 3886.

3.    Zhang, Y. Inorg Chem. 21 (1982) 3889.

4.    Zhang, Y. Controlling factors of catalytic properties (Proceedings of the                    2nd China National Congress on Catalysis, G014, Amoy,984.)                                                      

5.    Zhang, Y. A mechanistic model for surface-adsorbate interaction (Proceedings of the 2nd China National Congresson Catalysis, G015, Amoy, 1984.)                           

6.    Zhang, Y. Ionocovalency and Applications 1. Ionocovalency Model and Orbital Hybrid Scales.Int. J. Mol. Sci. 201011, 4381-4406. Free PMC Article

7.    Zhang, Y. Ionocovalency and Applications. 2. IC-Lewis acid strengthsJ. Am. huilin. Ins. 2011, 11, 1-10. IC-lasFull-Text

8.    Zhang, Y. Ionocovalency and Applications 3. Crosslink Density, J. Am. huilin. Ins. 2011, 7, 1-3.  IC-cdFull-Text

9.    Zhang, Y. Ionocovalency, J. Am. huilin. Ins. 2011, 5, 1-11

10.   Zhang, Y. 离子共价性, J. Am. huilin. Ins. 2011, 5 (B), 1-9 

11.   Zhang, Y. A Debate with Pauling on Electronegativity ,J. Am. huilin. Ins. 2011, 11, 1-5 

12.   Am.Huilin Inst., Zhang Electronegativity, J. Am. Huilin. Ins Jan.31, 2011

13.   Zhang, Y., Zhang Ionocovalency Contributions, J. Am. Huilin.Ins Dec.11, 2010.

14.   Zhang, Y., Universal IonocovalencyJ. Am. Huilin. Ins 

  *                   *                    *

15.    A bureaucracy is hurting   American democracy andeconomic

16.    BP isin killing, US gov how to do?

17.    中央政府网站搜索

18.    K. M. Mackay, R. A. Mackay, W. Henderson, Introduction to Modern Inorganic Chemistry, 6th ed., Nelson Thornes, United Kingdom, 2002, p. 53-55.


Ionocovalency is Reprinted by the Major Media

19.    Studies from Y.H. Zhang and Colleagues Reveal New Findings on ...

20.    Molecular Research - Studies from Y.H. Zhang and Colleagues ...

21.    Science.gov v5.0 : Main View : Search Results for Full Record: dual ...

22.    Ionocovalency and applications 1 ... - UK PubMed Central

23.    中央政府网站搜索– Ionocovalency Model and Orbital Hybrid Scales

24.    IJMS, Vol. 11, Pages 4381-4406: Ionocovalency and Applications 1 ...

25.    Yonghe Zhang

26.    Ionocovalency and Applications 1 ... - SpringerProtocols

27.    Ionocovalency and Applications 1 ... - Academic Journals Database

28.    Pubget: Articles by Yong-He Zhang - Extract of Ganoderma lucidum ...

29.    Ionocovalency and Applications 1 ... - Academic Journals Database

30.    The Interllective - Search by Concept :: Ionocovalency And ...

31.    ChemInform Abstract: Investigation of the FirstOrder Phase ...

 32.    CiteULike: Ionocovalency and Applications 1. Ionocovalency Model ...

33.    Ionocovalency and Applications.2.IC-Lewis acid strengths - ...

34.    Ionocovalency and Applications.2.IC-Lewis acid strengths _网络红人

35.    Ionocovalency and Applications 3.Ionocovalent Crosslink ... -

36.    DUAL NATURE Trademark Details

37.    Ionocovalency explains Thallium poisoning,qqmay博客文章

38.    Ionocovalency and Applications 1. Ionocovalency Model ... - MDPI.com

39.    Ionocovalency and applications 1. Ionocovalency model and ... - NCBI

40.    Ionocovalency Correlates with Psychology*_Environment_CN.9

41.    ionocovalency_网络红人

42.    Zhang ionocovalency contributions websites at PressAboutUs

43.    MyJournals.org - 'IJMS, Vol. 11, Pages 4381-4406: Ionocovalency ...

44.    Did Mao Zedong kill the founding fathers ?,qqmay博客文章

45.    Volume: 11 - Issue: 11 - Directory of Open Access Journals

46.    Scopus Author Directory - Galkin, V. I. (V. I. Galkin)

47.    Zhang ioniccovlentcy (27): How ionocovalency predicts ... - 译索网

48.    Design and Analysis of Studies with Binary-Event Composite ...

49.    Research papers, journal articles and scientific articles related to ...

50.    100 timetable chart christmas family photo houston hair styles for ...

51.    electronegativity | www.libsearch.com - TEST

52.    科学网科网群英烩No.0088张永和离子共价论完美主义者的宇宙 ...

53.    Negotiation as a form of persuasion: Arguments in first offers.

54.    Zhang Lewis-Acid Strength is Derived from its Ionocovalent ... - 译索网

55.    The Interllective - Search by Concept :: Compactness Aromaticity Of ...

56.    BOND STRENGTHS - Bri-shur.com Bioinformatics Server

57.    中央政府网站搜索

58.    Research papers, journal articles and scientific articles related to ...

59.    Ionocovalent Continuum,qqmay

60.    The Interllective - Search by Concept :: Compactness Aromaticity Of ...

61.    Principal quantum number websites at PressAboutUs

62.    Research papers, journal articles and scientific articles related to ...

63.    Principal quantum number websites at PressAboutUs

64.    The Interllective - Search by Concept :: Ionic Radius And Ionic ...

65.    MyJournals.org - 'IJMS, Vol. 11, Pages 4407-4416: Involvement of ...

66.    Involvement of Glutamate Transporter-1 in Neuroprotection against ...

67.    Concept-Based Search About How it Works Custom Solutions ...

68.    Ionocovalency: BP will kill us or make us chronic suicide


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72.    Lenglet, M. Materials Research Bulletin, 2000, Vol. 35 (4) pp. 531-543.

73.    Lenglet, M. Iono-covalent character of the metal-oxygen bonds in oxides: A comparison of experimental and theoretical data. Act. Passive Electron. Compon. 2004, 27, 1–60.

74.    Wen, S. J.; Campet, G.; Portier, J. and J. Goodenough, Mat. Science and Eng.,B (accepted 1992)

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