Ionocovalency differs from Pauling electronegativity

Yonghe Zhang

American Huilin Institute  

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dual ionocovalency defined and correlated with Bohr energy levels and spectroscopy:

I ( Iz )C(n*rc-1) = n*(Iz/R)½rc-1

calculating absolute potential energy of all the electronic structure State from 1s to nf and thus can explain almost all chemical observations.


Pauling Electronegativity: 

         1) Defined confusably:   the attraction for an electron is clearly not expected to be the same for different valencies of an element [3]

         2) Correlated limitedly: based on the empirical relation between the electronagtivities of two atoms (H,Cl) and the dissociation energy of the bond formed between them:

              Xcl – Xh = (ΔHCL/96.5) ½

    extended unconditionally to calculating the electronegativities of all  elements.

   a) Ignored the Bohr atomic energy levels and spatial ionicity: I (n*, Iz ),thus ignoring the atom Valence state change [3-8]

   b) Ignored spatial covalency: C(n*rc-1), thus ignored the orbital overlap, such as COOP [19].


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