「离子共价性」与「Pauling电负性」

张永和

美国惠林研究院 http://www.amhuilin.com/

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l        离子共价性[1];定义了离子共价二象性,关联了波尔原子能级及光谱:

I ( Iz )C(n*rc-1) = n*(Iz/R)½rc-1

可计算出1s-nf所有电子结构状态的绝对势能值,可解释几乎所有的化学现象。

 

l        Pauling电负性[2]: 基于两的两个元素,氢与氯的键能差的经验式:

Xcl – Xh = (ΔHCL/96.5) ½

未加任何条件地推广到计算所有其它元素。

a) 忽略了空间轨道离子性:I (n*, Iz ),因而忽略了原子的价态变化[3-8]

b)忽略了空间轨道共价性:C(n*rc-1) 因而忽略了轨道重叠COOP [1,9]

 

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