Introduction to 「Ionocovalency and Applications」
American Huilin Institute http://www.amhuilin.com/
l Quantitative definition of ionic and covalent function:
Definition of Iav as Ionicity of ionic function I(Iav ), Iav= n-1∑ni=1 Ii
Definition of rc-1, n*rc-1 as σ-covalency and spatial covalency respectively of covalent function C(n*rc-1)
l Quantitative correlation of duality ionocovalency I( Iz )C(n*rc-1) as dual continuum function IC. And so a covalent scale has the ionic degree: IC = I( Iz )C(n*rc-1)
l Quantitative correlation of dual continuum function IC with the quantum-mechanical potential n*(Iav/R)½ rc-1, resulting in IC model : I( Iz )C(n*rc-1) = n*(Iav/R)½ rc-1,
l Establishment of IC Orbital Hybrid Bonding Procedures.
l Resulting in an absolute potential scale: IC = n*(Iav/R)½ rc-1 e)
l A dual method formed based on the atomic electron configuration from 1s to nf and the various quantum-mechanical built-up dual parameters, can satisfactorily explain almost all chemical observations.